All contributions in this zine, unless otherwise
stated in the exceptions, are licensed under
the GNU General Public License
Lúcia Dossin’s contribution “Comparing Terms of Service”
is licensed under CC BY-SA
Daniel Aguilar Ruvalcaba’s contribution “The Weight of Images”
is licensed under CC BY-SA
Aymeric Mansoux’s contribution “Terms of Service”
is licensed under [CP] COPYPASTA License 1.0
Welcome to the first issue of the Immaterial
Labour Union Zine!
And what best day to launch our zine than
Mayday? The Immaterial Labour Union is a
decentralized labour union which occupies
the space of the operaista "social factory":
Facebook, Google, Twitter, Instagram, etc,
where we're being stripped off of our data for
the profit of a privileged few.
With this zine we hope to deconstruct what
it means to equate social media with labor.
Each issue will hopefully tackle a piece of
the digital economy puzzle and bring a better
understanding of our condition as workers.
The issue at hand focuses on "Terms of
Lúcia Dossin, Daniel Aguilar
Service" - through poetry, illustration, remix
Ruvalcaba, Aymeric Mansoux
and charting, we'll hopefully shed a light on
how ToS govern our online behaviour.
May 1st, 2015
Would you like to contribute?
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Legally obliged to your abuse
I had a choice, but couldn’t choose
My condition of subject objectified
Subject to your will, subjectivity simplified
I’ll be your lawfully wedded data
Extract me now! You’ll profit later!
Faithfully I will keep you updated
On which lunch I had, which guys I dated.
Touch me with your Midas fingers
I hope my likes will serve you well
My trending topics turn into revenue
In shady hues of blueish hell.
This agreement is made and takes effect on 1/05/2015 between Facebook, a
United States corporation, hereafter called “Company” and _____________,
hereafter called “Employee”.
1. The Company hereby employs Employee for a term commencing on the
date of this agreement and Employee hereby accepts such employment.
2. During the Employee’s employment he/she will:
a) Keep her/his contact information accurate and up-to-date.
b) Not provide any false personal information to the Company, or create an
account for anyone other than him/herself without permission.
3. For services rendered by the Employee, the Company shall pay him/her as
a) Advertising and other commercial or sponsored content that is valuable to
our employees and advertisers.
4. When you delete IP content, it is deleted in a manner similar to emptying
the recycle bin on a computer. However, you understand that removed content
may persist in backup copies for a reasonable period of time (but will not be
available to others).
5. If you violate the letter or spirit of this Statement, or otherwise create risk
or possible legal exposure for us, we can stop providing all or part of the
Company to you. We will notify you by email or at the next time you attempt
to access your account. You may also delete your account or disable your
application at any time.
6. This agreement constitutes a partial agreement between Company and
7. You will resolve any claim, cause of action or dispute (claim) you have with
us arising out of or relating to this Statement or Facebook exclusively in the
U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California or a state court located
in San Mateo County, and you agree to submit to the personal jurisdiction of
such courts for the purpose of litigating all such claims. The laws of the State
of California will govern this Statement, as well as any claim that might arise
between you and us, without regard to conflict of law provisions.
8. We strive to create a global community with consistent standards for every-
one, but we also strive to respect local laws. The following provisions apply
to employees and non-employees who interact with the Company outside the
a) You consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in
the United States.
In witness to their agreement to these terms, Company’s representative and
Employee affix their signatures below:
by Lúcia Dossin
Comparison of three versions of Google terms of service: November 2013,
March 2012 and April 2007. The graphs identify the 50 most used words in
each of the versions and their frequence.
by Daniel Aguilar Ruvalcaba
Europe vs. Facebook
Europe vs. Facebook is an attempt to answer the question “Are EU Data
Protection Laws enforceable in practice?”, with a focus on how Facebook
handles user data. After filing 22 complaints against Facebook in Ireland,
Europe vs Facebook realized the impossibility for the average citizen to follow
through with these types of legal procedures.
Currently a massive class action is being filed in Austria against Facebook
Ireland. It aims at the disrespect of European data protection rights perpetrated
by Facebook. 25.000 participants have already registered as an interested
party for this class action, and if you are an european union resident you can
You can learn more about Europe vs Facebook and the latest developments on
the Facebook class action on their website
A vast amount of our daily lives, both professional and personal, is now
embedded within computational network logic. The boundaries between work
and leisure become blurry, which oftentimes means the commodification and
monetization of the latter. Social media monopolies, in particular, make clever
use of the ‘network effect’ (where the number of users determines the value of
a service) for marketing purposes, extracting profit from user activity.
Regulating this exchange on a legal level are
the terms of service, data policies, etc. In this
sense, terms of service documents can be
conceived as the data labor iteration of an
employment contract. The current mode of
exploitation is now being labeled under the
“social” tag, alienating the user further from
the perception of his/her condition as
With business dictating all the rules, the conversation becomes rather unilateral
and leaves no space for negotiation. It is important to question to which
degree do we really have a choice. While it is true that we only accept such
outrageous conditions which deeply violate basic human rights if we choose to
sign into these platforms, the only other option is opting-out.
The Union must strive for user data control and transparency from a bottom-
up perspective, where users push for data controllers to respect their rights
by means of negotiation, rejecting the fake binary approach upheld by social
by Aymeric Mansoux
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